Blood cancer is a broad term that covers malignancies of the blood, lymphatic system and bone marrow that affect the normal production of blood cells and their functions. These diseased blood cells spread and damage the immune system and circulatory systems.
Symptoms are exhaustion, lethargy, night sweats inflamed lymph nodes. The main types of blood cancer are Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma.
Causes Leukemia is caused by rapid production of abnormal white blood cells. This leads to an inability to fight infection and impairs the production of red blood cells and platelets in the bone marrow.
Multiple myeloma targets plasma cells (white blood cells that fight infection). This leaves a body’s immune system weakened and liable to infection.
Lymphoma is found in our white blood cells. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells that fight infection. Abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells – these multiply and gather in lymph nodes and other tissues. In time these cancerous cells impair the immune system.