The prostate gland is located just below the urinary bladder in males and is run through by the urethra.Prostate cancer is caused by malignant cells in prostate tissue.
Symptoms: Warning signs of prostate cancer include weak or interrupted flow of urine, frequent urination, trouble in urination, burning sensation during urination, pain during ejaculation, blood in the urine or semen, persistent pain in the back, pelvis or hips. This cancer progresses slowly and mostly occurs in advanced age.
Tests There are different tests utilized to diagnose prostate. One is the PSA test - a blood test that helps to measure the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. PSA is a protein made by the prostate gland. Men with a PSA velocity of 4.0 ng/mL per year or higher are just as likely to have prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland) as they are to have prostate cancer.
Treatment Treatment for prostate cancer includes radiation therapy, hormone therapy, surgery and chemotherapy.